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  • last updated : 17 November, 2022

Patent Data- Accuracy is the key

Category: Blog
patent data

Abstract

As long as it provides actionable insights, patent data analytics is valuable. Such insights can only be obtained if the analysis is correct, and a high-quality patent data is must for accurate patent analytics. One of the primary reasons for the poor quality of data is that it is compiled from a variety of sources. Data collected from national patent offices as well as international organizations that maintain patent data result in extensive patent data coverage. Variations or inconsistencies in some data fields result from data collection from multiple sources. The detection of data inconsistencies or errors is critical for accurate data analysis.

Introduction

Patent data analytics revolves around some key fields such as patent ownership, legal status, family coverage, to name a few. Incorrect or incomplete data can result in inaccurate data analysis. Data for the same fields are present in different formats across countries as all patent offices do not share a common rule for owner names, application numbering systems or legal status titles. Also, some of the patent offices have missing data. Therefore, it is imperative to identify such data fields which are critical for patent data analytics but are also available with inconsistencies.

Problem

Patent data from multiple patent offices worldwide and other open sources is raw and inconsistent. Patent data analytics on such incorrect, inconsistent or incomplete data is inaccurate and does not provide actionable insights.

Solution

XLSCOUT has developed algorithms for automated data enrichments and cleaning to ensure the availability of high-quality data for the users. Targeted algorithms have been developed for the following data fields and use cases:

  • Patent applicant/assignee name normalization
  • The original and corporate owner of the patent
  • Extended patent family
  • Normalizing legal status information

It is a common observation that applicant/assignee names are available in varied formats such as with different entity types (E.g., Sumitomo chemical corporation, Sumitomo Chemical Co. Ltd.) or with misspelled names (e.g., Fitbit Inc., Freebit, Inc.). In addition to the normalization of such variations in the applicant/assignee information, XLSCOUT has also overcome the challenge of the unavailability of translated names. Owing to inconsistencies in assignee name information, for any analysis related to patent ownership data, the most important step is to be able to extract the relevant and accurate dataset. Many patent offices do not maintain translated applicant names and provide applicant names only in their native language. Such results often get missed out in the analysis as the majority of the users perform assignee/applicant search by giving only the English name as the input. XLSCOUT has developed a proprietary database maintaining correct translations of Company names.

Another promising data field for patent analytics is the original/current owner of the patents as these two fields are very critical for tracking down competitors in any technology. The current and original owner of the patents can be identified by tracking down all the ownership transactions during the term of the patent and/or historical name changes. XLSCOUT algorithm processes all the legal transactions of a patent as well corporate name changes to provide the current and original owner of the patent as enriched data fields.

INPADOC Family

Another important data point for patent analytics is family data, which indicates the geographical coverage of the invention protection. Mostly, the patent family member analysis is based on the extended INPADOC family. However, the extended INPADOC family has some drawbacks. Priority numbers and application numbers from different patent offices are in different formats. As a result, the numbers are not normalized, and the necessary link between priority and/or application numbers is not formed. This results in many patent numbers having missing family information or showing no family members at all. XLSCOUT family overcomes this problem of missing links and provides accurate family information of patents. We have normalized the number formats and created direct/indirect links to identify all the family members of the patents.

The legal status is another critical data field for patent analytics. Legal events in patents of different countries are denoted by different titles. This implies that the legal event for a US patent and a CN patent can be the same. While the text defining the legal event differs and can be interpreted in various ways. This makes it very difficult to standardize the legal event data of patents irrespective of the country. As two separate fields, XLSCOUT provides standardized legal status information. The first is the patent’s simple legal status, and the second is its actual legal state. These fields explain why the patent is still alive or dead. E.g., if the simple legal status is dead, then the legal state could be expired, revoked, non-payment, etc.

Conclusion

High quality data is the foundation of accurate data analytics. XLSCOUT realizes the importance of making informed business decisions from patent data analytics and has come up with verified accurate and enriched data for its customers. This will enable the users to derive actionable insights from analytics.

 

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